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Center for Flame Retardant Material Science

About Us

The principal investigators for the Center for Flame Retardant Material Science are Dr. Vladimir Benin, professor in the College of Arts and Science's Department of Chemistry, Dr. Donald Klosterman, associate professor in the School of Engineering's Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, Dr. Alexander B. Morgan, distinguished research scientist group leader in UDRI's Applied Combustion and Energy Group, and Dr. Elias Toubia is an associate professor for the School of Engineering where he teaches and conducts research for the Civil and Environmental Engineering and Engineering Mechanics programs. Combined, these researchers have 40+ years of research experience.

  • Elmushyakhi A., Toubia, E., Morgan, A.B., “Post-Fire Failure Mechanisms of Seawater-Accelerated Weathering Composites for Coastal and Marine Structures” Marine Structures (Under Review)
  • “The Future of Flame Retardant Polymers – Unmet Needs and Likely New Approaches” Morgan, A.B. Polymer Reviews 2018, In Press
  • “An Experimental Setup for Observation of Smoldering-to-Flaming Transition on Flexible Foam/Fabric Assemblies” Stoliarov, S. I.; Zeller, O.; Morgan, A.B.; Levchik, S. Fire Mater. 2018, 42, 128-133 DOI: 10.1002/fam.2464
  • “New Polyether Diols as Flame Retardants for Polyurethane: Derivatives of Epoxy Functionalized Phosphonates and Phosphates” Byard, B.; Wang, K.; Morgan, A.B.; Benin, V. Fire Mater. 2018, 42, 3-17 DOI: 10.1002/fam.2452
  • “Preparation and Studies of New Phosphorus-Containing Diols as Potential Flame Retardants” Wang, K.; Morgan, A.B.; Benin V. Fire Mater. 2017, 41, 973-982.
  • “Flammability of Natural Plant and Animal Fibers: A Heat Release Survey” Galaska, M. L.; Horrocks, A.R.; Morgan, A.B. Fire Mater. 2017, 41, 275-288.
  • “Carbon Nanotube Multilayer Nanocoatings Prevent Flame Spread on Flexible Polyurethane Foam” Holder, K. M.; Cain, A.A.; Plummer, M.G.; Stevens, B. E.; Odenborg, P. K.; Morgan, A.B.; Grunlan J. G. Macromolecular Materials and Engineering 2016, 301, 665-673
  • “Effects of Laundering on Military Uniform Fabric Flammability” Morgan, A.B.; Yip, P. W. Fire Mater. 2016, 40, 599–611 DOI: 10.1002/fam.2313
  • “Synthesis and flammability testing of epoxy functionalized phosphorus-based flame retardants” Benin, V.; Cui, X.; Morgan, A.B.; Seiwert, K.J. App. Polym. Sci. 2015, DOI: 10.1002/app.42296
  • “Flame Retardants: Overview” Morgan, A.B.; Worku, A.Z. Kirk Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology John Wiley & Sons, 2015. DOI: 10.1002/0471238961
  • “Apparatus for the Vertical Orientation Cone Calorimeter Testing of Flexible Polyurethane Foams” Galaska, M. L.; Morgan, A.B.; Schenck, K. A.; Stalter, J.G. Fire Mater. 2015, 40, 158-176.
  • “Non-Halogenated Flame Retardant Handbook” Morgan, A.B.; Wilkie, C. A. Eds. ISBN 978-1-118-68624-9, Scrivener Publishing LLC, Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
  • Rectenwald, M.F.; Gaffen, J. R.; Rheingold, A.L.; Morgan, A.B.; Protasiewicz, J.D. “Phosphoryl-Rich Flame retardant ions (FRIONs): Toward Safer Lithium-Ion Batteries” Angewandte Chemie 2014, 53, 4173-4176.
  • Morgan, A.B.; Toubia, E. “Cone Calorimeter and Room Corner Fire Testing of Balsa Wood Core / Phenolic Composites Skin Sandwich Panels” J. Fire Sci. 2014, 32, 327 – 344 DOI: 10.1177/0734904113514944
  • Benin V.; Gardelle B.; Morgan A.B. “Heat Release of Polyurethanes Containing Potential Flame Retardants based on Boron and Phosphorus Chemistries” Polymer Degrad. Stab. 2014, 106, 108-121. doi: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2013.09.004.
  • Morgan, A.B. “Flame Retardant Design for the Future” Materials China 2013, 32, 129-136.
  • Kuttler, A.; Durganala, S.; Fratini, A.; Morgan, A.B.; Benin, V. “Structure, Theoretical Studies and Coupling Reactions of Some New Cyclic Boronic Esters” Heteroatom Chemistry 2013, 24,
  • Laufer, G.; Kirkland, C.; Morgan, A.B.; Grunlan, J. "Exceptionally flame retardant sulfur-based multilayer nanocoating for polyurethane prepared from aqueous polyelectrolyte solutions" ACS Macro Lett. 2013, 2, 361-365.
  • Laufer, G.; Kirkland, C.; Morgan, A.B.; Grunlan, J. C. “Intumescent Mulitlayer Nanocoating, Made with Renewable Polyelectrolytes, for Flame-Retardant Cotton” Biomacromolecules 2012, 13, 2843-2848.
  • “Fire and Polymers VI: New Advances in Flame Retardant Chemistry and Science” ACS Symposium Series # 1118, Morgan, A.B.; Wilkie, C.A.; Nelson, G.L. Eds. ISBN13: 9780841227804 DOI: 10.1021/bk-2012-1118
  • Felix, T.; Junior, O.P.P.; Peres, A.; Sayer, C.; Morgan, A.B.; Araújo, P. H. H. “Comparison of Bismuth Trioxide and Antimony Trioxide as Synergists with Decabromodiphenyl Ether in Flame Retardancy of High Impact Polystyrene (HIPS)” J. Fire Sci. 2013, 30, 566-574.
  • Ivan, N.; Benin, V.; Morgan, A.B. “Preparation of Phosphonoterphthalic Acids via Palladium-Catalyzed Coupling of Aromatic Iodoesters” Synthetic Communications 2013, 43, 1831-1836.
  • Benin, V.; Durganala, S.; Morgan, A.B. “Synthesis and Flame Retardant Testing of New Boronated and Phosphonated Aromatic Compounds” J. Mater. Chem. 2012, 22, 1180-1190.
  • Li, Y-C.; Mannen, S.; Yang, Y-H.; Morgan, A.B.; Grunlan, J.C. “Anti-Flammable Intumescent Nanocoatings on Fabric” Advanced Materials 2011, 23, 3926-3931.
  • Nakamura, R.; Netravali, A.N.; Morgan, A.B.; Nyden, M.R.; Gilman, J.W. “Effect of Halloysite Nanotubes on Mechanical Properties and Flammability of Soy Protein based Green Composites” Fire and Materials 2013, 37, 75-90.
  • Morgan, A.B.; Putthanarat, S. “Use of Inorganic Materials to Enhance Thermal Stability and Flammability Behavior of a Polyimide” Polym. Degrad. Stab. 2011, 96, 23-32.
  • McGrattan, K.; Lock, A.; Marsh, N.; Nyden, M.; Price, M.; Morgan, A.B.; Galaska, M.; Schenck, K. “Cable Heat Release, Ignition, and Spread in Tray Installations During Fire (CHRISTIFIRE) Phase 1: Horizontal Trays." United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC NUREG/CR-7010, Vol 1, Published July 2012
  • Morgan, A.B.; Gilman, J.W. “An Overview of Flame Retardancy of Polymeric Materials: Application, Technology and Future Direction” Fire and Materials 2013, 37, 259-279.
  • Morgan, A.B.; Liu, W. “Flammability of Thermoplastic Carbon Nanofiber Nanocomposites” Fire Mater. 2011, 35, 43-60.
  • Fire Retardancy of Polymeric Materials, 2nd Edition. Eds. Wilkie, C.A.; Morgan A.B. December 2009 (2010 publishing date), Taylor and Francis. Boca Raton, FL ISBN 978-1-4200-8399-6.
  • Higginbotham, A.; Lomeda, J.; Morgan, A.B.; Tour J.T. “Graphite Oxide Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2009, 1, 2256-2261.
  • Hirschler, M.M.; Morgan, A.B. “Thermal Decomposition of Polymers” in Society for Fire Protection Engineering Handbook Eds. DiNenno, P. J.; Drysdale, D. D.; Beyler, C. L.; Walton, W. D.; Custer, R. L. P.; Hall, J. R.; Watts, J. M. National Fire Protection Association, Quincy, MA 2008, ISBN 978-0-87765-821-4.
  • ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES #1013, Fire and Polymers V: Materials and Concepts for Fire Retardancy. Eds. Nelson, G. .; Wilkie, C.A.; Morgan A.B. 2009, Oxford University Press / American Chemical Society, pp312-328. ISBN 978-0-8412-6988-0
  • Morgan, A.B. “A Review of Transition Metal-Based Flame Retardants: Transition Metal Oxide/Salts, and Complexes” in ACS SYMPOSIUM SERIES #1013, Fire and Polymers V: Materials and Concepts for Fire Retardancy. Eds. Nelson, G. L.; Wilkie, C.A.; Morgan A.B. 2009, Oxford University Press / American Chemical Society, pp312-328.
  • Morgan, A.B.; Gagliardi, N.A.; Price, W.A.; Galaska, M.L. “Cone Calorimeter Testing of S2 Glass Reinforced Polymer Composites” Fire Mater. 2009, 33, 323-344.
  • Fox, D.M.; Gilman, J.W.; Morgan, A.B.; Shields, J.; Maupin, P.H.; Lyon, R.E.; De Long, H.C.; Trulove, P.C. “Flammability and Thermal Analysis Characterization of Imadazolium-Based Ionic Liquids” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 2008, 47, 6327-6332.
  • Morgan, A.B.; Galaska, M.L. ”Microcombustion calorimetry as a tool for screening flame retardancy in epoxy” Polymers for Advanced Technology 2008, 19, 530-546.
  • “The Use of Nanotechnology for Fire Safety: Current State of the Art, Possible Problems, and New Opportunities” Morgan, A.B. Nanotechnology Law and Business 2007, 4, issue 3
  • Flame Retardant Polymer Nanocomposites Edited by Alexander B. Morgan and Charles A. Wilkie. Book published by John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, NJ 2007. ISBN 978-0-471-73426-0
  • Morgan, A.B.; Bundy, M. “Cone Calorimeter Analysis of UL-94 V Rated Plastics” Fire and Materials 2007, 31, 257-283.
  • Morgan, A.B.; Cogen, J.M.; Opperman, R.S.; Harris, J.D. “Magnesium Carbonate Based Flame Retardant Systems for Poly(ethylene-co-vinyl acetate) and Poly(ethylene-co-ethyl acrylate).” Fire and Materials. 2007, 31, 387-410.
  • Gilman, J.W.; Harris, R.H.; Shields, J.R.; Kashiwagi, T.; Morgan, A.B. “A study of the flammability reduction mechanism of polystyrene-layered silicate nanocomposite: layered silicate reinforced carbonaceous char” Polym. Adv. Technol. 2006, 17, 263-271.
  • Morgan, A.B. “Flame Retarded Polymer Layered Silicate Nanocomposites: A Review Of Commercial and Open Literature Systems. Polym. Adv. Technol. 2006, 17, 206-217.
  • Morgan, A.B.; Chu, L-L.; Harris, J.D. “A flammability performance comparison between synthetic and natural clays in polystyrene nanocomposites” Fire Mater. 2005, 29, 213-229.
  • Chu, L.L.; Anderson, S.K.; Harris, J.D.; Beach, M.W.; Morgan, A.B. “Styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) layered silicate nanocomposites prepared by melt compounding” Polymer 2004, 45, 4051-4061.
  • Gilman, J.W.; Bourbigot, S.; Shields, J.R.; Nyden, M. .; Kashiwagi, T.; Davis, R.D.; VanderHart, D.L.; Demory, W.; Wilkie, C.A.; Morgan, A.B.; Harris, J.; Lyon, R.E. “High Throughput Methods for Polymer Nanocomposites Research: Extrusion, NMR Characterization and Flammability Property Screening” Journal of Materials Science 2003, 38, 4451-4460.
  • Kashiwagi, T.; Morgan, A.B.; Antonucci, J.M.; VanLandingham, M.R.; Harris, R.H.; Awad, W. H.; Shields, J.R. “Thermal and Flammability Properties of a Silica-Poly(methylmethacrylate) Nanocomposite” J. App. Polym. Sci. 2003, 89, 2072-2078.
  • Morgan, A.B.; Harris, J.D. “Effects of organoclay Soxhlet extraction on mechanical properties, flammability properties and organoclay dispersion of polypropylene nanocomposites” Polymer 2003, 44, 2313-2320.
  • Morgan, A.B.; Harris, R. H.; Kashiwagi, T.; Chyall, L.J.; Gilman, J.W. “Flammability of Polystyrene Layered Silicate (Clay) Nanocomposites: Carbonaceous Char Formation” Fire and Materials 2002, 26, 247-253.
  • Yao, H.; Zhu, J.; Morgan, A.B.; Wilkie, C.A. “Crown Ether-Modified Clays and Their Polystyrene Nanocomposites” Polymer Engineering and Science 2002, 42, 1808.
  • Zanetti, M.; Camino, G.; Canavese, D.; Morgan, A.B.; Lamelas, F.J.; Wilkie, C. A. “Fire Retardant Halogen-Antimony-Clay Synergism in Polypropylene Layered Silicate Nanocomposites” Chem. Mater. 2002, 14, 189.
  • Zhu, J.; Morgan, A.B.; Lamelas, F.J.; Wilkie, C.A. “Fire Properties Of Polystyrene-Clay Nanocomposites” Chem. Mater. 2001, 13, 3774.
  • Gilman, J.W.; Jackson, C.L.; Morgan, A.B.; Harris, R.H.; Manias, E.; Giannelis, E. P.; Wuthenow, M.; Hilton, D.; Phillips, S. “Flammability Properties of Polymer Layered-Silicate Nanocomposites. Polypropylene and Polystyrene Nanocomposites.” Chem. Mater. 2000, 12, 1866.
  • Morgan, A.B.; Jurs, J.L.; Tour, J.M. “Boronic Acids: Polymer Flame Retardant Additives” J. App. Polym. Sci. 2000, 76, 1257.
  • Morgan, A.B.; Tour, J.M. “Synthesis and Testing of Non-Halogenated Alkyne/Phosphorus-Containing Polymer Additives: Potent Condensed Phase Flame Retardants.” J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1999, 73, 707-718.
  • Morgan, A.B.; Tour, J.M. “Synthesis and Testing of Nonhalogenated Alkyne-Containing Flame Retarding Polymer Additives.” Macromolecules 1998, 31, 2857.


Center for Flame Retardant Material Science

300 College Park
Dayton, Ohio 45469