Skip to main content

Directory

Charles J. Russo, J.D., Ed.D.

Director, Ph.D. Program in Educational Leadership; Research Professor of Law

Full-Time Faculty

School of Education and Health Sciences: Doctorate of Educational Leadership, Department of Educational Administration; School of Law; College of Arts and Sciences: Prelaw

Contact

Email: Charles Russo, J.D., Ed.D.
Phone: 937-229-3722
Raymond L. Fitz Hall, Room 665X

Profile

Charles Russo is the Joseph Panzer Chair in Education in the UD School of Education and Health Sciences, Director of its Ph.D. Program, and Research Professor of Law in the UD School of Law. The 1998-99 President of the Education Law Association, and 2002 recipient of its McGhehey (Achievement) Award, Russo has authored or co-authored more than 325 articles in peer-reviewed journals; authored, co-authored, edited, or co-edited 73 books, and has more than 1,100 publications focusing on issues in Education Law. He has spoken extensively on issues in Education Law in the United States and other countries. In addition, he edits two academic journals and has serves on more than one dozen editorial boards.

Along with having spoken in 34 states and 31 countries outside of the U.S. on six continents, Russo has taught summer courses in England, Spain and Thailand. He has served as a Visiting Professor at Queensland University of Technology (Brisbane) and the University of Newcastle (Australia); the University of Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina); South East European University (Macedonia); the Potchefstroom and Mafeking Campuses of Northwest University (Potchefstroom, South Africa); the University of Malaya (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia); the University of Sao Paulo (Brazil); Yeditepe University (Istanbul Turkey); Inner Mongolia University for the Nationalities (Tongliao, Inner Mongolia); and Peking University (Beijing, China). He is currently a Visiting Professor at Capital Normal University (Beijing) and the Faculty of Law at Notre Dame University of Australia, Sydney campus.

Before joining the UD faculty as Professor and Chair of the Department of Educational Administration in July 1996, Dr. Russo taught at the University of Kentucky (Lexington, KY) from August 1992 to July 1996 and at Fordham University (New York City) from September 1989 to July 1992. He taught high school for eight and a half years, both prior to and after graduation from law school. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Classical Civilization (1972), Juris Doctor Degree (1983), and Doctor of Education degrees in Educational Administration and Supervision (1989) from St, John’s University (New York City). He received a Master of Divinity degree from the Seminary of the Immaculate Conception (Huntington, New York) (1978). He received a Ph.D. Honoris Causa from Potchefstroom University, now the Potchefstroom Campus of Northwest University (Potchefstroom, South Africa) (2004) for his contributions to the field of Education Law.

Degrees

  • Ed.D. in Educational Administration and Supervision, St. John's University
  • J.D., St. John's University School of Law
  • M.Div., Seminary of the Immaculate Conception
  • B.A. in Classical Civilization, St. John's University

Professional Activities

  • American Educational Research Association: Divisions A (Administration), B (Curriculum Studies), & L (Educational Policy & Politics)
  • Special Interest Groups on Law & Education, Religion & Education, Associates for Research on Private Education, and Politics of Education Association
  • Association of School Business Officials International
  • Australia & New Zealand Education Law Association
  • Brazilian Education Law Association (founding member)
  • Canadian Association for the Practical Study of Law and Education
  • Education and Ethos Network
  • Education Law Association (formerly NOLPE)
  • European Education Law and Policy Association
  • South African Education Law Association

Research Interests

  • Educational law
  • International education

Articles in Peer-Reviewed Journals and Publications

Russo, C.J. (in press). “[E]ven in a pandemic, the Constitution cannot be put away and forgotten:” Banning Communal Worship Poses Continuing Threats to Religious Freedom.” Emory University, Canopy on the Interactions of Law and Religion.Russo, C.J. & Thro, W.E. (in press). “The Demise of the Blaine Amendment and A Triumph for Religious Freedom and School Choice: Espinoza v. Montana Department of Revenue,” University of Dayton Law Review.

Russo, C.J. & Babie, P.T. (in press). “COVID 19 and Mandatory Vaccinations for School Children: Legal Issues in the United States.” International Journal for Education Law and Policy.

Russo, C.J. (2021). “Student Speech and Social Media: The Supreme Court Finally Enters the Fray.” Laws 10, 19, https://www.mdpi.com/2075-471X/10/2/19.

Osborne, A.G. & Russo, C.J. (2021). “Providing a FAPE During the Covid-19 Pandemic.” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 385, No. 1, 1-13.

Smale, W.T., Hutcheson, R., & Russo, C.J. (2021). “Cell phones, student rights, and school safety: Finding the right balance.” Canadian Journal of Educational Administration and Policy, 195, 49-64, available at https://journalhosting.ucalgary.ca/index.php/cjeap/article/view/70205

Russo, C.J. (2020, December 3). “Religious Freedom in Education: A Fundamental, Yet Elusive Right.” Emory University, Canopy on the Interactions of Law and Religion, https://canopyforum.org/2020/12/03/religious-freedom-in-education/

Trunk, D.J., Russo, C.J., & Trammell, J. (2020). “Disability Stigma on Campuses: Helping Students with Psychiatric Impairments to Succeed.” Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disability, Vol. 33, Issue 2, 115-128.

Russo, C.J. (2020, November 25). “Reflections on Fratelli Tutti: Something Old, Something New Much Ado about Not too Much.” Emory University, Canopy on the Interactions of Law and Religion, https://canopyforum.org/2020/11/25/reflections-on-fratelli-tutti-something-old-something-new-much-ado-about-not-too-much/  

Babie, P.T. & Russo, C.J. (2020). “If Beer and Wrestling are ‘Essential,’ So Is Easter:  COVID-19, Freedom of Religion or Belief, and Public Health in Australia and the United States—Why Rights Matter.”  55 New England Law Review Forum. (2020).

Osborne, A.G. & Russo, C.J. (2020). “Our Lady of Guadalupe School v. Morrissey-Berru: Supreme Court Rules the Ministerial Exception Applies to Teachers in Faith-Based Schools.” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 378, No. 2, 567-589.

Russo, C.J. (2020, September 14). “Does Religion Have a Place in the Diverse Marketplace of Ideas? Emory University, Canopy on the Interactions of Law and Religion, https://canopyforum.org/2020/09/14/does-religion-have-a-place-in-the-diverse-marketplace-of-ideas/

Russo, C.J., Thro, W.E., & Osborne, A.G. (2020). “Reaffirming the First Freedom: The Implications of Espinoza v. Montana Department of Revenue and Our Lady of Guadalupe School v. Morrissey-Berru. Religion & Education, Vol. 47, No. 4, 86-105 published online, https://doi.org/10.1080/15507394.2020.1816525

Russo, C.J. (2020, Spring). “The Supreme Court and Student Free Speech: A Retrospective Look at Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District and its Progeny.”  University of Dayton Law Review, Vol. 45, 189-227.

Eckes, S.E. & Russo, C.J. (2020). “A New Dawn for Title IX and Sexual Harassment of Students?” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 377, No. 2, 484-492.

Russo, C.J. & Babie, P.T. (2020, Aug. 4). “COVID-19, Childhood Vaccinations, and   Religious Freedom: A Looming Issue.” Emory University, Canopy on the Interactions of Law and Religion. https://canopyforum.org/2020/08/04/covid-19-childhood-vaccinations-and-religious-freedom/

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A.G. (2020, July 20). “Right Test, Wrong Outcome: Avoiding Misuse of the Ministerial Exception in Faith-Based Schools.” Emory University, Canopy on the Interactions of Law and Religion, https://canopyforum.org/2020/07/22/right-test-wrong-outcome-avoiding-misuse-of-the-ministerial-exception-in-faith-based-schools/

Russo, C.J. & Thro, W.E. (2020, June 14). “Born of Bigotry, Died in Religious Liberty: The Supreme Court Ends the Blaine Amendments in Empowering Parental Choice.” Emory University, Canopy on the Interactions of Law and Religion. https://canopyforum.org/2020/07/14/born-of-bigotry-died-in-religious-liberty/

Squelch, J. & Russo, C.J. (2020). “A Comparative Analysis of School Discipline and Procedural Fairness in Private Schools in Australia and the United States.” International Journal of Law & Education, Vol. 20, 5-22.

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A.G. (2020) “Unions in Faith-Based Colleges and Universities: Navigating the Conflict Between Institutional Religious Freedom and Faculty Labor Rights.” 375 Education Law Reporter, Vol. 375, No. 2, 589-607.

Babie, P.T. & Russo, C.J. (2020, May 18). “COVID-19: Why the Balance Between Freedom of Religion and Public Health Matters.” Emory University, Canopy on the Interactions of Law and Religion. https://canopyforum.org/2020/05/18/covid-19-why-the-balance-between-freedom-of-religion-and-public-health-matters/

Russo, C.J. (2020). “Is Religion the Lost Diversity in Education in an Era of “Militant Secularists?” The University of Notre Dame Australia Law Review, Vol. 21, 1-21. Available at https://researchonline.nd.edu.au/undalr/

Russo, C.J. (2019). “American Legion v. The American Humanist Association and the Bladensburg Cross: Implications for Education. Religion & Education, Vol. 46, No. 4, 482-499.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “The Courts and Education Law: What Role Should Judges Play?” International Journal of Education Law and Policy, Vol. 13, 7-22.

Translated into Russian, published in Multilevel Governance in Education: Top-Down Governance, Transfer of Authority and Regional Cooperation. J. De Groof, S.V. Jankiewicz, M.L. Agranovich, A.A. Belikov. (Eds.) National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, 2019.

Russo, C.J. & Kelly, K. (2019). “An Update on Catholic Schools in the United States: An Ongoing Gift to the Church and the Nation.” Educatio Catholica: Populorum Progressio and Education, Vol. 3, No. 1, 133-143.

Russo, C.J. (2019). “Kicking the Can Down the Road in Masterpiece Cakeshop:  Is Finding a Happy Medium Possible or Will the Solution Remain Half-baked?” 44 University of Dayton Law Review, 399-442.

Smale, W.T., Russo, C.J., & Sarjeant, M. (2019). “The Impact of Cannabis Legalization on Schools in Canada and the United States.” Education & Law Journal, Vol. 28, No. 2, 157-177.

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A.G. (2019). “An Update on the Status of Faculty Unions in Private Colleges and Universities.” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 365, No. 1, 1-19.

Osborne, A.G. & Russo, C.J. (2019). “When are Teachers in Faith-Based Schools “Ministers” for Purposes of the Ministerial Exception?” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 364, No. 3, 731-747

Russo, C.J. (2019). “The Rights to Educational Self-Determination Under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.” The International Journal of Inclusive Education. Vol. 23, No. 5, 546-558.

Russo, C.J. (2019). “Trigger Warnings, Safe Spaces, and Free Speech: Lessons from the United States.” International Journal of Law & Education, Vol. 22, 4-17.

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A.G., (2018). “Janus v. American Federation of State, County, and Municipal Employees, Council 31 and the Demise of Fair Share Fees: A Victory for Free Speech.” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 356, No. 3, 877-899.

Osborne, A.G. & Russo, C.J. (2018). The IDEA, IEPs, and Cultural-Religious Traditions: Finding the Delicate Balance Under the Establishment Clause. Education Law Reporter, Vol. 355, No. 2, 617-632.

Russo, C.J., Osborne, A.G., Dolph, D.A. (2018) “Food Allergies in School: Watch What You Serve!” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 354, No. 2, 614-620.

Russo, C.J. & Thro, W.E. (2018). “Cracks in the Wall: Trinity Lutheran and the Potential Transformation of Religious Freedom in the United States.” Education & Law Journal, Vol. 27, 173-198.

Thro, W.E. & Russo, C.J. (2018). “Expanding the Rights of Student Religious Groups on College and University Campuses: The Implications of Trinity Lutheran Church v. Comer.” Laws, Vol. 7, 11.

Thompson, K. & Russo, C.J. (2017). “Maintaining Religious Identity in Hiring in Faith-Based Schools: A Comparative Analysis of Australia and the United States.” International Journal of Law & Education, Vol. 21, 56-74.

Knott, A., Rishworth, P., & Russo, C.J. (2017). “Compliance with Regulatory Demands Relating to Notification of Abuse of Students: Perspectives From the USA, Queensland, and New Zealand. International Journal of Law & Education, Vol. 21, 7-27.

Russo, C.J. & Thro, W.E. (2017). “Blessed Trinity: Implications of Trinity Lutheran Church of Columbia v. Comer for Religious Liberty.” Religion & Education, Vol. 44, No. 3, 247-262.

Russo, C.J., Osborne, & Dolph, D. (2017). “Honesty is the Best Policy in Writing Letters of Recommendation.” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 346, No. 1, 21-26.

Thro, W.E. & Russo, C.J. (2017). “Odious to the Constitution: The Educational Implications of Trinity Lutheran Church v. Comer.” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 346, No. 1, 1-17.

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A.G. (2017). “The United States Supreme Court Extends Protections Available to Students with Disabilities.” Education Law Journal, Vol. 18, No. 3, 199-206.

Russo, C.J. (2017). The Right of Religious Education: Global Perspectives. EducatioCatholica: Populorum Progressio and Education. Vol. 2, Nos. 1-2, 211-221.

Osborne, A.G., Russo, C.J., & Dolph, D. (2017). “IDEA Entitlements for Youth Incarcerated in Adult Facilities.” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 344, No. 1, 678-684.

Russo, C.J., Eckes, S., & Osborne, A.G. (2017). “Schools and the Legalization of Marijuana: An Emerging Issue.” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 343, No. 2, 647-653.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Fisher v. University of Texas Redux and Race-Conscious Admissions Policies: A Never-Ending Saga?” Education Law Journal, Vol. 18, No. 2, 111-122.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Treating Intercollegiate Student-Athletes as Employees: ‘Killing the Goose that Laid the Golden Egg?’” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 342, No. 1, 1-15.

Osborne, A.G. & Russo, C.J. (2017). “Some Educational Benefit or Meaningful Educational Benefit and Endrew F.:  Is There a Difference or is it the Same Old Same Old?” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 340, No. 1, 1-18.

Trunk, D.J., Russo, C.J., & Osborne, A.G. (2017). “Preventing Tragedies Before they Occur: The Need for Suicide Prevention Programs in Schools.” Education Law Reporter, Vol. 339, No. 1, 1-9.

Books

Russo, C.J. (Ed.). “Law, Education, and the Place of Religion in Public Schools: International Perspectives.” New York: Routledge.

Osborne, A.G. & Russo, C.J. (2021). Special Education and The Law: A Guide for Practitioners, 4th Edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.

Russo, C.J. (Ed.) (2020). The Yearbook of Education Law 2020. Cleveland, OH: ELA.

Russo, C.J. (Ed.) (2020). The Yearbook of Education Law 2019. Cleveland, OH: ELA.

Brady, K.P., Russo, C.J., Dieterich, C.A., Osborne, A.G., & Snyder, N. (2020). Legal Issues in Special Education: Principles, Policies, and Practices. New York: Routledge.

Russo, C.J. & Donlevy, K. (2019). Canada: The World Today Series, 2019-2020. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Education.

Russo, C.J. (Ed.) (2019). Handbook of Comparative Education Law, Volume 4: Selected Nations from Africa and the Americas. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Education.

Russo, C.J. & B. Shaver. (Eds.) (2018). The Yearbook of Education Law 2018. Cleveland, OH: ELA.

Russo, C.J. (Ed.) (2018). Handbook of Comparative Education Law, Volume 3: Selected European Nations. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Education.

Russo, C.J. & Permuth, S. (Eds.) (2018). Legal Issues in Faith-Based and Other Non-public Schools, 7th ed. Cleveland, OH: ELA.

Russo, C.J. (2018). The Law of Public Education, 10th Edition. St. Paul, MN: Foundation Press.

Russo, C.J. (Ed.) (2018). Handbook of Comparative Education Law, Volume 2: Selected Asian Nations. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Education.

Russo, C.J. (Ed.) (2018). Handbook of Comparative Education Law, Volume 1: British Commonwealth Nations. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Education.

Russo, C.J. & B. Shaver. (Eds.) (2017). The Yearbook of Education Law 2017. Cleveland, OH: ELA.

Permuth, S., Silver, S., Mawdsley, R.D., & Russo, C.J. (2017). Religion and Law in Public Schools. Cleveland, OH: Education Law Association (ELA).

Articles in Professional Journals and Publications

Russo, C.J. (2021). “Exclusive Bargaining Representatives and the Law: An Update.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 87, No. 3, 35-38.

Russo, C.J. (2021). “FMLA and COVID-19: Protecting Employees.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 87, No. 2, 38-41.

Russo, C.J. (2021). “Student Speech, Social Media, and Extracurricular Activities.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 87, No. 1, 33-36.

Russo, C.J. (2020, December 14). “On the first day of Christmas...teachers got a legal headache over the blurring of church and state.” The Conversation, https://theconversation.com/on-the-first-day-of-christmas-teachers-got-a-legal-headache-over-blurring-the-line-between-church-and-state-146278. Also published in Yahoo News-Money, https://money.yahoo.com/first-day-christmas-teachers-got-133422971.html, and more than 40 news outlets nationally and internationally.

Russo, C.J. (2020). “School Business Officials and Competitive Bidding: An Overview.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 11, 38-41.

Carr-Chellman, A. & Russo, C.J. (2020). “Virtual Liabilities: Transforming Crisis Online Learning to Robust Online Learning.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 86, No.10, 38-40.

Russo, C.J. & Rodriguez, C.T. (2020). “Student Supervision: Keeping Schools Safe in the Wake of COVID-19.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 9, 34-37.

Russo, C.J. (2020). “The Supreme Court and Tuition Tax Credits.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 8, 34-37.

Russo, C.J. & Eckes, S. (2020). “An Update on Title IX and Sexual Harassment of Students,” School Business Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 7, 37-40.

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A.G. (2020).  “Update on Student Records.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 6, 34-37.

Russo, C.J. (2020). “Avoid controversies on school mascots by keeping policies current.” School Law Briefings, Vol. 24, No. 2, 4.

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A.G. (2020). “SBOs and the IDEA: A Primer.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 5, 33-36.

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A.G. (2020). “Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act: A Primer.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 4, 36-39.

Russo, C.J. & Kiral, B. (2020). “Comparing Student Discipline in the United States and Turkey.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 3, 32-35.

Eckes, S.E. & Russo, C.J. (2020). “Current legal issues in gifted and talented programs.” Principal Leadership, Vol. 20, No. 5, 58-59.

Russo, C.J. (2020). “Quotes from the Top 12 Supreme Court Cases on Education Law.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 2, 35-38.

Russo, C.J. (2020). “Develop policies before drug-testing student-athletes,” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 26, No. 2, 8.

Russo, C.J. (2020). “Tuition Tax Credits: Is Change on the Way.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 86, No. 1, 35-38.

Russo, C.J. (2020). “Consider policies and procedures for access to, destruction of student records,” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 26, No. 1, 4.

Russo, C.J. (2019). “December Dilemmas: The Legal Status of Christmas in Public School.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 85, No. 11, 35-38.

Russo, C.J. (2019). “The Supreme Court and the Bladensburg Cross.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 85, No. 10, 38-40.

Russo, C.J. (2019). “Tips to consider when conducting active shooter drills in schools.” School Law Briefings, Vol. 23, Issue 11, 3.

Russo, C.J. (2019). “Tinker at 50: A Status Check on Student Expression.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 85, No. 8, 38-41.

Russo, C.J. (2019). “Proceed with caution when imposing dress restrictions on parents.“ School Law Briefings, Vol. 23, Issue 3, 4.

Russo, C.J. (2019). “Educational Personnel as Public Figures.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 85, No. 7, 36-38.

Russo, C.J. & Smit, M. (2019). “Social Media in Schools: Watch What You Post.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 85, No. 6, 40-42.

Russo, C.J. (2019). “Student Vaccinations: The Controversy Continues.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 85, No.5, 40-42.

Russo, C.J. (2019). “Right-to-Work Laws and Teacher Unions: An Uneasy Relationship.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 85, No. 4, 37-39.

Russo, C.J. & Dolph, D. (2019). “Managing School Crises: Before, During, and After.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 85, No. 3, 35-36.

Russo, C.J. & Eckes, S. (2019). “Develop policies to address marijuana by school employees.” School Law Briefings, Vol. 22, Issue 11, 3.

Russo, C.J. (2019). “Field Trips and School Safety.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 85, No. 2, 29-31.

Russo, C.J. (2019). “Charter Schools and the Law: An Update.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 85, No. 1, 31-33.

Russo, C.J. (2018). “Bullying, the Law, and the School Business Officials.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 11, 34-36.

Russo, C.J. (2018). “Take strategic approach to combat sexual harassment complaints.“ School Law Briefings, Vol. 22, Issue 8, 3.

Brady, K.P. & Russo, C.J. (2018). “Balancing School Safety and the Rights of Children with Special Needs.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 10, 37-39.

Russo, C.J. & Russo, D.L. (2018). “Keeping the Youngest Students Safe in School.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 8, 35-36, 38.

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A. (2018). “The Supreme Court and Fair Share Fees.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 8, 32-35.

Russo, C.J. (2018). “Devise sound policies for drug testing of student athletes,” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 24, Issue 10, 6.

Russo, C.J. & Smith, L.D. (2018). “Effective Policy, education thwart gang activity in schools,” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 24, Issue 8, 6.

Russo, C.J. (2018). “Hazing prevention rooted in policy development, education,” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 24, Issue 7, 6.

Russo, C.J. & Dolph, D. (2018). “Ensure emergency plans encircle substitutes, temporary employees,” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 24, Issue 4, 6.

Russo, C.J. & Smith, L.D. (2018). “Gangs in Schools: An Ongoing Concern.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 6, 32-35.

Russo, C.J. (2018). “Student ID badge policy enhances safety, security.” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 24, Issue 3, 6.

Russo, C.J. (2018). “The Impact of the Family and Medical Leave Act.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 5, 35-57.

Russo, C.J. (2018). “The Due Process Rights of School Employees?” School Business Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 4, 33-35.

Russo, C.J. (2018). “Students and Cell Phones: Learning Tools or Learning Distractions?” School Business Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 3, 33-36.

Russo, C.J. (2018). “Technology in Schools: The Only Constant is Change.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 2, 35-38.

Russo, C.J. (2018). “Acceptable use policy enhances staff, student tech safety.” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 24, Issue 1, 6.

Russo, C.J. (2018). “Student Dress Codes and Uniform Policies.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 84, No. 1, 34-36.

Russo, C.J. (2018). “Protocols, awareness improve early childhood safety.” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 24, Issue 1, 6.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Drug Testing of Student Athletes: An Ongoing Issue.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 11, 36-38.

Russo, C.J. & Davies, S. (2017). “Recent Federal case spotlights school’s concussion protocol.” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 23, Issue 12, 6.

Russo, C.J. & Thro, W.E. (2017). “The Expanding the Reach of the Free Exercise Clause.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 10, 36-39.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Crossing guard success hinges on training, alertness.” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 23, Issue 11, 6.

Osborne, A.G. & Russo, C.J. (2017). “The Educational Rights of Incarcerated Students with Disabilities.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 9, 35-38.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Student dress codes, uniform policies amplify safety initiatives.” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 23, Issue 10, 6.

Russo, C.J. & Eckes, S.E. (2017). “The Potential Impact of the Legalization of Marijuana on District Employees.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 8, 34-37.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Metal detectors amplify school safety efforts.” Maintaining Safe        Schools, Vol. 23, Issue 9, 6.

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A. (2017). “The Supreme Court, Disability Law, and Service Animals in Schools.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 7, 32-34.

Russo, C.J. & Eckes, S.E. (2017). “Expansion of Title VII to include sexual orientation should prompt boards to revisit antidiscrimination policies.” School Law Briefings, Vol. 21, Issue 3, 3.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Ensure legal precedent guides school-based searches of students.” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 24, Issue 6, 8.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Effective policy, education combat prescription drug misuse.” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 24, Issue 6, 7.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Crisis Communication planning amplifies school preparedness.” Maintaining Safe Schools. Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 24, Issue 6, 6.

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A. (2017). “Special Education Update: The Supreme Court Ups the Ante.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 6, 34-36.

Russo, C.J. & Smith. L.D. (2017). “School Business Officials and School Boards: An Enduring Partnership.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 5, 31-33.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “The Supreme Court and Education Law: The Most Significant Cases.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 4, 33-35.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Food Allergies in Schools: Watch What Kids Eat.” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 24, Issue 5, 6.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Year-end safety check enhances constituent awareness.” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 23, Issue 4, 6.

Dolph, D., Russo, C.J., & Smith. L.D. (2017). “Advance planning, foresight eases staff anxiety.” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 24, Issue 3, 7.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Graduation Prayer: An Ongoing Controversy” School Business Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 3, 33-35.

Russo, C. J., (2017). “Update on Student Vaccinations.” School Business Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 2, 30-33.

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A. (2017, March) “Rules for School Safety.” Education Matters: Secondary, 74-77.

Russo, C.J. (2017, March) “Mixed Blessings: Computer Use in Schools.” Education Matters: Primary, 26-28.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Constituent education, policy development combat gang activity.” Maintaining Safe Schools, Vol. 23, Issue 2, 6.

Russo, C.J. (2017). “Staff training, policy development keys drug prevention efforts.” Maintaining Safe Schools. Vol. 23, Issue 1, 6.

Russo, C.J. & Osborne, A.G. (2017). “Meeting the Needs of Students with Disabilities?” School Business Affairs, Vol. 83, No. 1, 32-34.