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Navigation Guide

This guide will help you understand and manage the navigation areas of your website.

What is Navigation?

On a website, navigation is any of the menus or sets of links that help you or your site visitors move between pages. Navigation provides an at-a-glance indication of the content contained in your site. When you look at a website, you naturally scan-read the navigation to get oriented and to start deciding where you want to go next. Keep this in mind as you organize and create the folders and pages of your site.

University of Dayton webpages provide four navigation areas plus a global footer: Utility/Global links, Secondary navigation bar, Breadcrumb, and Page navigation.

Note: The page navigation is hidden from the Page-No Side Nav layout. Alternative options are provided in the Page-No Side Nav layout for adding a side bar and links. See the Asides guide for more information.

Utility/Global Navigation Bar

The top-most bar of all University of Dayton website pages contains links, a search box and a take-over menu with additional globally available links. This bar is part of the page template and cannot be edited.

Secondary Navigation Bar

The secondary navigation bar is optional. When used, it provides site-specific links with sublinks that appear on click. The selection of links in the secondary navigation are created manually (as opposed to page navigation links which are generated by Cascade). Therefore, you can create a customized set of toplinks and sublinks in the Secondary Navigation bar. See the Secondary Navigation design guide for instructions on using this feature.


The breadcrumb appears automatically on all pages and is not directly editable. As with the Page Navigation, the links in the breadcrumb are pulled dynamically into the page according to the folder organization of your site in Cascade. The breadcrumb path starts with your site's top folder, then the current subfolders, and ends with the current page. Your site visitors can use the breadcrumb to move back/up through the folders of your site.

Page Navigation

The page navigation appears on pages using the Page-Standard layout. The selection and order of the links in the page navigation are generated by Cascade using the folder structure of your site and the titles you give folders and pages. Page navigation is not directly editable but you do control the titles and the order of the links.

  • In the Page Standard layout, the downward arrow icons indicate when a link is a folder (and therefore has additional links within it) and the right-pointing arrows indicate that the link is a page.

What is Indexing in Cascade?

The breadcrumb and page navigation in our templates is generated by Cascade for you.  Cascade looks at your site's hierarchy of folders, subfolders and pages to create an "index" or inventory. Then Cascade creates a site map of those files and outputs the folder and page titles to the breadcrumb and page navigation.

So, indexing is what allows Cascade to dynamically create the breadcrumb and page navigation in the hierarchy and file order you have created.

Cascade also allows you to disable the indexing of a folder or page. See instructions below for hiding/unhiding pages from the navigation.

Managing the Page Navigation

The page navigation displays a single folder of content, i.e. the folders and pages contained in a "parent" folder. The folders and pages contained in a parent folder are considered "children" of the parent folder and "siblings" to each other.

  • Only pages and subfolders set to "Include when Indexing" will display in the page navigation. See instructions below to hide or unhide a page in the navigation.
  • By default, the page navigation displays items according to date created in Cascade. You can change the display order in the Folder Preview pane.

Changing the Display Order of Page Navigation Links

  1. Right-click on the parent folder you want to change and select "View." This displays the contents of the folder in the main working pane in Cascade.
  2. Click on the column heading for "Order." This will sort the folder contents according to the current display order of the page navigation.
  3. To re-order the contents, simply drag the pages and subfolders into the order they should appear in the page navigation.
  4. Republish the parent folder.

How to Hide/Unhide a Page from the Navigation

Sometimes you want to be able to publish a page to the web but not have it included in the page navigation. You can "hide" a page by changing the "Include Page when Indexing" setting.

  1. Edit the page.
  2. Open the "Configure" view.
  3. Uncheck the box for "Include when indexing"
  4. Republish the page's parent folder

To unhide a page and include the page in the navigation, edit the page configuration settings:

  1. Edit the page
  2. Open the "Configure" view.
  3. Check the box for "Include when indexing"
  4. Republish the page's parent folder

Troubleshooting Navigation Issues

It's easy for page navigation to get out of sync especially if pages or folders have been moved, renamed or deleted in Cascade or if new pages or folders have been added since the last time the site was published.

RULE OF THUMB: Re-publish the folder one level higher than the problem when:

  • Page navigation is inconsistent between pages
  • Links are appearing in the page navigation that should not be there because the page has been moved or deleted
  • Page navigation is missing a link that should be there (and the page is set to "Include when indexing)
  • Link title is different between Cascade and published page

By publishing the parent folder, the navigation will be-indexed on all affected pages.


Need Cascade Help? Call or email the IT Service Center.