Dogmas, Marian

Q: What are the Marian dogmas?

A: There are four Marian dogmas:

1) Divine Motherhood - Council of Ephesus 431

2) Mary's Virginity

a. Virginal Conception through the Spirit - Baptismal symbols since third century.

b. Perpetual Virginity (virginal birth and no other children) - Baptismal symbols since fourth century (first in eastern church)

3) Immaculate Conception (Mary's freedom from original sin) - Pius IX, 1854

4) Mary's Assumption (body and soul) into heaven - Pius XII, 1950

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International Marian Research Institute

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