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Church Teachings in the Early Modern (1600-1800) Period

Church Teachings on Mary in the Early Modern Period (1600-1800)

Teachings of the Popes and Councils on the Blessed Virgin Mary 

The bibliography below attempts to list the teachings, which include Mary, of the popes and councils of the Catholic Church from the Council of Trent (1545-1563) to the End of the Eighteenth Century. Marian content is briefly summarized in brackets. Sources are listed below.

Your assistance in providing titles and texts unknown to us and in various languages will be greatly appreciated.

Trent to the End of the Eighteenth Century

Julius III (1550-1555)
The Rosary

Paul IV (1555-1559)

Constitution “Cum quorundam”
7 August 1555
Marian Text:
Published in [DH1880=D993 BR6, 500-502]

Pius IV (1559-1565)

Bull “Iniunctum Nobis”
13 November 1564
Marian Text:
Published in [DH1862]

St Pius V (1566-1572)

Bull “Ex omnibus afflictionibus”
1 October 1567
Marian Text:
Published in [DH1973]

Bull "Ex iniuncti"
10 March 1568
Marian Text: [Holy House of Loreto]
Published in Latin [BR07, 659-661]

Constitution “Consueverunt Romani Pontifices”
17 September 1569
Marian Text: [Privileges for Confraternity of the Most Holy Rosary]
Published in Latin [BR07, 774-777]

Constitution “Super Speculam Domini”
30 November 1570
Marian Text: [Prohibition of Debate about the Conception of Mary]
Published in Latin [BR07, 872-875]

Gregory XIII (1572-1585)

Bull “Monet Apostolus”
1 April 1573
Marian Text: [Feast of the Holy Rosary]
Published in [BR8, 44-45]

Papal Brief “Pastoris Aeterni”
12 October 1576
Marian Text: [Confraternity Confraternity of recommend. of the BVF Confalo]
Published in Latin [BR08, 145-148]

“Provisionis nostrae”
29 January 1579
Marian Text: [Condemnation of 79 Propositions of Michael Bajus]
Published in Latin [BR08, 314-320]

Sixtus V (1585-1590)

Bull “Intemeratae Matris”
1 September 1585
Marian Text: [Feast of the Presentation]
Published in [BR8, 591-592]

Bull “Dum ineffabilia”
30 January 1586
Marian Text: [Indulgences for Rosary]
Published in Latin [BR08, 659-662]
Bull “Gloriosae”
8 June 1587
Marian Text: [Chapel of the Crèche at St. Mary Major]
Published in Latin [BR08, 858-870]

Clement VIII (1592-1605)

Motu proprio “Pastoralis Romani”
15 July 1598
Marian Text: [Franciscan Reforms]
Published in Latin [BR10, 182-184]

Paul V (1605-1621)

Bull “Immensae bonitatis”
27 October 1615
Marian Text: [Transfer of Icon of the Blessed Virgin Mary to St. Mary Major Chapel]
Published in Latin [BR12, 315-337]

Gregory XV (1621-1623)

Bull "Apostolatus officium"
4 November 1622
Marian Text: [Feast of St. Joachim and Anne]
Published in [BR12, 757-758 ]

Urban VIII (1623-1644)

Bull “Imperscrutabilis”
12 February 1623
Marian Text: [Militia of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
Published in Latin [BR13, 114-118]

Bull "Ex iniuncti"
17 November 1625
Marian text: [Confirmation of Approval of Holy House of Loreto]
Published in [BR13, 392-393 + BR7, 659-661]

Invocation, Blessed be the Immaculate Conception of the BVM
18 November 1625

Sacred Congregation Holy Office
23 January 1627

Papal Brief “Sanctae”
26 November 1631
Marian Text: [Permission to celebrate the Immaculate Conception at St. James of Compostela]
Published in [BR14, 253]

Alexander VII (1655-1667)

Bull “Sollicitudo omnium”
8 December 1661
Marian text:
Published in [DH2015-2017 BR16, 373-376]

Clement IX (1667-1669)

Papal Brief “Augustissimae”
17 September 1667
Marian Text: [Office and Mass of the Immaculate Conception for Jesuits]
Published in [BR17, 569-570]

Papal Brief “Sincera Nostra”
21 October 1667
Marian Text: [Office and Mass of the Immaculate Conception at Rome]
Published in [BR17, 583]

Papal Brief “Exigit”
31 October 1667

Clement X (1670-1676)

Papal Brief “Ad Pastorale fastigium”
20 August 1671
Marian Text: [Office of the Purification for Theatines]
Published in [BR18, 244-245]

Blessed Innocent XI (1676-1689)

Papal Brief “Apostolatus officium"
24 March 1679
Marian Text: [Carmelites in Portuguese territory celebrate Feast of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel]
Published in [BR19, 167-168]

Papal Brief “Eximia et orthodoxae"
26 May 1679
Marian Text: [Extends Patrocinium of the Blessed Virgin Mary to the whole Church]
Published in [BR19, 173-174]

Papal Brief “Nuper pro parte dilecti filii Antonii de Montoy"
31 July 1679
Marian Text: [Confirms indulgences for Confraternity of the Most Holy Rosary]
Published in Latin [BR19, 195-207]

Alexander VIII (1689-1691)

Decree "Sanctissimus dominus noster"
7 December 1690
Marian Text: [ ]
Published in [DH2324; BR20, 158-160]

Innocent XII (1691-1700)

Papal Brief “In Excelsa”
15 May 1693
Marian Text: [Universal celebration of office and Mass of Conception of Blessed Virgin Mary]
Published in [BR20, 522]

Bull “Sacrosancta”
5 August 1698
Marian Text: [Reform at Loreto]
Published in Latin [BR20, 834-839]

Clement XI (1700-1721)

Bull “Commissi Nobis divinitus"
6 December 1708
Marian Text: [ ]
Published in [BR21, 338]

Benedict XIII (1724-1730)

Papal Brief “Essendo Stato Commesso”
26 September 1724
Marian Text: [Indulgence for Angelus]
Published in [BR22, 101-102]

Papal Brief “Ex quo Sedes Apostolica”
1 April 1727
Marian Text: [Archconfraternity of the Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary]
Published in Latin [BR22, 509-512]

22 April 1727

The year 1729 "Ad augendam"
29 January 1729
Marian Text: [Indulgence for visitation of Servite church on 11 February]
Published in [BR22, 768-769]

Clement XII (1730-1740)

Benedict XIV (1740-1758)

Constitution “Nuper ad nos”
16 March 1743
Marian Text: [Profession of faith prescribed for the Maronites Adherence to the Ecumenical Councils]
Published in Latin [DH2529, 2532, BB1, 114-116]

Constitution [Golden Bull] “Gloriosae Dominae”
27 September 1748
Marian Text: [The Church's devotion to Mary]
Published in Latin [OOB16.428-449]

Clement XIII (1758-1769)

Bull “Quantum ornamenti”
8 November 1760
Marian Text: [Election of the Great Mother of God in the Mystery of the Immaculate Conception]
Published in Latin [MBC02, 038-040]

Papal Brief “Cum primum”
17 January 1761
Marian text: [Concessions of an Office and a Proper Mass, following the request of the King of Spain]
Published in [MBC2, 55-56]

Papal Brief “Commissi”
16 March 1767
Marian Text: [ Reorganization of Roman monasteries of St. Bernard]
Published in[MBC3, 454-455]

Papal Brief “Eximia pietatis”
14 March 1768
Marian Text: [Addition to Litany of Loreto]
Published in [MBC3, 246-247]

Clement XIV (1769-1774)

Papal Brief “Ratio pastoralis”
21 November 1769
Marian text: [Office and Mass of the Immaculate Conception for Genoa]
Published in [MBC4, 119-120]

Pius VI (1775-1799)

Papal Brief “Pietatis”
26 June 1775
Marian Text: [Confraternity of the Redemption of the Captives of Lugano]
Published in Latin [MBC05, 161-163]

Papal Brief “Apostolici muneris”
29 November 1777
Marian text: [Concession of the Office and of the Mass of Our Lady of the Seven Sorrows]
Published in [MBC5, 436-437]

Constitution “Divina Christi Domini voce"
20 September 1779
Marian Text: [Condemnation of the book, Neuer Versuch über die Weissagung vom Emmanuel, by John Lorenz Isenbiehl;
Recourse of German bishops to the Holy See]
Published in Latin [MBC06, 145-147]

Prayer: Sacred Congregation for Indulgences
5 April 1786
Marian text [Salve Regina; Sub Tuum Praesidium]
Published in Latin [(EI293; EI332) (EI333)]

Papal Brief “Pietatis, et christianae charitatis opera”
28 August 1787
Marian Text: [Confraternity of St. Hubert]
Published in Latin [MBC08, 406-408]

Invocation: Sacred Congregation for Indulgences
21 November 1793
Marian Text: [immaculate conception; pray for us to the Father]
Published in Latin [EI353]

Constitution “Auctorem fidei”
28 August 1794
Marian Text: [Condemnation of Propositions in book by Atto Bracali]
Published in Latin [MBC09, 395-419]

Bull "Nuper a congregatione"
21 November 1793
Marian text: [Proclaiming Our Lady the Patroness of Bethlehem]
Published in [MBC9, 418]
Sacred Congregation for Indulgences, EI353


Bibliography and Compendiums

AAS – Acta Apostolicae Sedis; commentarium officiale, Vatican City:Libreria editrice vaticana, 1909-

AG – Acta Gregorii Papae XVI, Corpus actorum RR. pontificum, Graz : Akadem. Druck- und Verlagsanst., 1971

AL – Sanctissimi domini nostri Leonis Papae XIII Allocutiones, epistolae, constitutiones, aliaque acta praecipua, Brugis ; et Insulis : Typis Societatis Sancti Augustini : Desclee, De Brouwer, 1887-1906

AP – Pii IX Pontificis Maximi acta, Graz : Akademische Druck-u. Verlagsanstalt, 1971

APX – Pii X Pontificis Maximi acta, Graz : Akademische Druck-u. Verlagsanstalt, 1971

ASS – Acta Sanctae Sedis, .Lyon:Typis Xaverii Jevain, 1890-1891 – Many references to this series were conveniently found collected in Marie : documents pontificaux sur la Très Sainte Vierge parus depuis un siècle, 1854-1954 : recueil / préparé et annoté par Ernest Lemieux, Québec : Presses universitaires Laval, 1954-

BR – Tomassetti, Luigi, Cocquelines, Charles, Gaude, Francesco, 1809-1860, and Bilio, Luigi, 1826-1884, Bullarium romanum, Augustae Taurinorum, Seb. Franco et Henrico Dalmazzo editoribus, 1857-72
CIC – Codex Iuris Canonici, Pii X Pontificis Maximi [1917], Westminster:The Newman Book Shop, 1942

CMP – Campos, Sergius Alvarez, OFM, Corpus Marianum Patristicum, Burgos:Ediciones Aldecoa, 1970-1985. Citation format: Volume number (I, II, III, IV/1, IV/2, V, VI, Indices) followed by excerpt number - e.g. "CMP III, 2268."|

D – Denzinger, Heinrich, The Sources of Catholic Dogma, translated by Roy J. Deferrari from the Thirtieth Edition of Henry Denzinger's Enchiridion Symbolorum, Freiburg:Herder, 1957. Electronic version contained on Harmony Media CD Welcome to the Catholic Church 3.0, Salem, Or:Harmony Media Inc, 2001 – Copyright statement: "No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means without prior written permission from Harmony Media or the respective copyright owner. Non-commercial, personal use, manipulation or printing of the data is permitted for educational or recreational purposes only. Under these laws, you may use this material on one computer workstation at a time. You do not have the right to copy the software, except as necessary to use it on one workstation. You are legally accountable for violation of the copyright, trade secret, or trademark laws."

DACL – Dictionnaire d'archéologie chrétienne et de liturgie, Fernand Cabrol and Henri Leclercq, eds, Paris:Letouzey et Ané, 1913-1953

DH – Denzinger, Heinrich, Kompendium der Glaubensbekenntnisse und kirchlichen Lehrentscheidungen, Verbessert, erweitert, ins Deutsche übertragen und unter Mitarbeit von Helmut Hoping herausgegeben von Peter Hünermann, 40. Auflage, Freiburg:Herder, 2005

EI – Enchiridion Indulgentiarum, 2nd. edition, Rome:Typis polyglottis vaticanis, 1952 – The Raccolta or A Manual of Indulgences… from the 1950 official edition of the "Enchiridion Indulgentiarum…", NY:Benziger Brothers, Inc, 1952 – The 1952 indulgences are largely superseded: Enchiridion Indulgentiarum, Normae et concessiones, 4th edition, Vatican:Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1999 – The Handbook of Indulgences, Norms and Grants, Authorized English edition, (based on the Third edition of Enchiridion Indulgentiarum, 1986), NY:Catholic Book Publishing Co, 1991

FOC – Fathers of the Church, A New Translation. Series begun in the mid-20th-century and still releasing new translations, now under the auspices of the Catholic University of America. – Volume 017. Saint Peter Chrysologus, Selected Sermons and Saint Valerian, Homilies, translated by George E. Ganss, S.J., NY:Fathers of the Church, Inc., 1953; Volume 034. St. Leo the Great, Letters, translated by Brother Edmund Hunt, C.S.C., NY:Fathers of the Church, Inc., 1957; Volume 038. Saint Augustine, Sermons on the Liturgical Seasons, translated by Sister Mary Sarah Muldowney, R.S.M., NY:Fathers of the Church, Inc., 1959; Volume 093. St. Leo the Great, Sermons, translated by Jane Patricia Freeland, C.S.J.B. and Agnes Josephine Conway, S.S.J., Washington D.C.:Catholic University of America Press, 1996; Volume 109. Saint Peter Chrysologus, Selected Sermons Volume 2, Homilies, translated by William B. Pallady, Washington, D.C.:The Catholic University of America Press, 2004

MBC – Barberi, Andrea, Segretus, Rainaldus, and Spetia, Alexander, Magnum bullarium Romanum, Roma:Ex Typographia Reverendæ Cameræ Apostolicæ, 1835-1858

NCWC – National Catholic Welfare Conference, Washington, D.C.

OOB – Opera omnia / Benedicti XIV, Prati : Alberghetus, in Typographia Aldina, 1839-1847

TTH – Translated Texts for Historians – Volume 06. The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis), revised [second] edition, translated with an introduction by Raymond Davis, Liberpool:Liverpool University Press, 2000

CD. ROM Ellenika Leitourgika Keimena tes Orthodoxes Ekklesias, Akathistos Ymnos and Staseis; Megale Paraklese
The Service of the Akathist Hymn, translated from the Greek by the Holy Transfiguration Monastery, Brookline:Holy Transfiguration Monastery, 1991

Missale Romanum. Editio Princeps 1570 in CD-ROM, Vatican City:Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2000
Saint Joseph Continuous Sunday Missal, edited and compiled from the "Saint Joseph Daily Missal" by Rev. Hugo Hoever, D.O.Cist., Ph.D., NY:Catholic Book Publishing Co., 1958-1957

The Treatise on the Apostolic Tradition of St Hippolytus of Rome, edited by Gregory Dix and Henry Chadwick, second revised edition reissued with additional corrections, London:The Alban Press, 1992
Aboseif, Anthony, ed, Coptic Hymns, A Book of Hymns for All Occasions of the Coptic Year, first edition, Hayward:Saint Antonius Coptic Orthodox Church, 2000

CD-ROM. The Early Church Fathers from the original 38 Volumes by Harmony Media, Inc.
Copyright Harmony Media, Inc. 2000 All rights reserved

Le liber pontificalis, Abbé L. Duchesne, 2nd edition, Paris:E. de Boccard, 1955-1957


  • Anaphoras, The Book of the Divine Liturgies according to the Rite of the Syrian Orthodox Church of Antioch, Lodi, NJ:Metropolitan Mar Athanasius Yeshue Samuel, 1991
  • Bazzi, Fr. Michael, Chaldean Prayers and Hymns, St. Peter Chaldean Catholic Church (El Cajon, Ca), 1997 (no communicantes with perpetual virginity)
  • The Coptic Orthodox Liturgy of St. Basil, Cairo:The American University in Cairo Press, 1998
  • Divine Liturgy of the Armenian Church, 3rd ed, Diocese of the Armenian Church of America, 1974
  • The Divine Liturgy of Saint John Chrysostom, Brookline:Holy Cross Orthodox Press, 1985
  • The Ethiopic Liturgy, Liturgy of the Apostles, Addis Ababa, 1958 [English only]
  • Hoever, Rev. Hugo, SOCist, PhD, Saint Joseph Continuous Sunday Missal, NY:Catholic Book Publishing Co, 1958
  • Hieratikon, hai theiai leitourgiai, Athens:Publication of the Apostolic Service of the Church of Greece, 1968
  • Magistretti, Dr. Marcus, Monumenta veteris liturgiae Ambrosianae vol 1, 1897, Nendeln:Kraus Reprint, 1971 (of Milan:Ulrich Hoepli, 1905)
  • Meshafe Keddasie (Catholic), Rome, 1945
  • Pieuchologion ente ti-Ekklesia en-Alexandrine (Catholic), Rome, 1971
  • Qurbono, The Book of Offering, The Service of the Holy Mysteries according to the Antiochene Syriac Maronite Church, Brooklyn:Saint Maron Publications, 1994 [English only]. The main anaphoras with claim to origination in the Syrian area are lacking a reference to the perpetual virginity. It is present in the anaphoras of St. John Maron and James of Sarug, and in some apparently foreign anaphoras such as those of St. Mark, St. Sixtus, and St. John Chrysostom. Consult also Pentalogie antiochienne/domaine Maronite, L'abbé Y. Moubarrac, tome IV, Livre du pain et du vin, de l'eau, de l'huile et du baume, Beirut:Cenacle libanais, 1984
  • Shashy, Rev.; Andrew C, tr. by Redlinger, Joseph, The Holy Mass According to the Syrian Rite of Antioch [Catholic] with Anaphora of the Twelve Apostles, Jacksonville, 1955 [English with selected Aramaic transliteration]

Other summary sources:
The Vatican website:
EWTN’s online Document Library:

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